Shape of Things to Come (Calendar of the Future)

Gopal Bhandari
Gopal Bhandari

Man is an imaging being. Imagination rules the world. Knowledge fills a large brain; it merely inflates a small one. Imagination is everything; it is the preview of life’s coming attractions. Time and tide wait for no man. Predicating the future has always been a risky business. The time-honored bread-sauce of the happy ending.As a man is, so he sees. As the eye is formed, such are its powers. Time is precious, but truth is more precious than time.But, you can never plan the future by the past. The whole of science is nothing more than a refinement of everyday thinking. Science is spectral analysis, art is light synthesis.  Prevention is better than cure. The human consciousness is really homogeneous. There is no complete forgetting, even in death. Electric communication will never be a substitute for the face of someone who with their soul encourages another person to be brave and true. As a remedy against all ills; poverty, sickness and melancholy only one thing is absolutely necessary; a liking for work.This is the patent age of new inventions for killing bodies, and for saving souls. All propagated with the best intentions.

Miracles do not, in fact, break the laws of nature. But true pioneers –people like Socrates, Voltaire, Newton and Einstein have consistently had the courage of their convictions: the vision to ask the right questions and the determination to keep on asking until they got satisfactory answers. The future is made of the same stuff as the present. It is clear that the pace of innovation is quickening as we enter the 21st century. The future comes one day at a time. Imagination is more important than knowledge. Time destroys the speculation of men, but it confirms nature. Imagine traveling in a time machine into the middle of 21st century-what do you think life would be like then? There is no good or bad but thinking makes so.But, there are some advantages and disadvantages of scientific achievements. Good nature is more agreeable in conversation than wit and gives a certain air to the countenance which is more amiable than beauty. By examine current developments it is possible to make predictions about the future.

Future Events Predictions

Date                                                                               Events                                                 Sources

Artificial Intelligence and Robotics


Manual labor tasks-
2015–2020 – Every South Korean household will have a robot and many European – The Ministry of Information and Communication.
2018 – Robots will routinely carry out surgery – South Korea government
2022 – Intelligent robots that sense their environment, make decisions, and learn are used in 30% of households and organizations-NA
2030 – Robots capable of performing at human level at most manual jobs- Marshall Brain
2034 – Robots (home automation systems) performing most household tasks- Marshall Brain.

Military Robots

2015 – One third of US fighting strength will be composed of robots – US Department of Defense
2035 – First completely autonomous robot soldiers in operation – US Department of Defense

Developments related to robotics
2013-2014 – Agricultural robots will come into use –  Japan NISTEP 2030 Report
2013–2017 – Robots that care for the elderly will be developed –  Japan NISTEP 2030 Report
2017 – Medical robots will be  performing low-invasive surgeries –  Japan NISTEP 2030 Report
2017–2019 – Household robots  with full range will come into use –  Japan NISTEP 2030 Report
2019–2021 – Nanorobots will come into practice –  Japan NISTEP 2030 Report
2021–2022 – Transhumanismwill be developed –  Japan NISTEP 2030 Report

Artificial Intelligence

2019 – $1,000 computer will match the processing power of the human brain
2020 – Artificial Intelligence reaches human levels
2045 – The Singularity (creation of the first ultra intelligent machine) occurs
2050 – Computer costing a few hundred pounds will have the capacity of the human mind
2055 – $1,000 computer will match the processing power of all human brains on Earth

Biology and Medicine

Visual Prosthetics
2011 – Digital devices with implantable parts will be developed
Use of animal organs for transplantation
2010 – Development in the practical use of such animal donors in surgery
Regenerative medicine
2020 –  There will be Widespread use for most tissues and organs – Federal Initiative for Regenerative Medicine
2014–2024  – omprehensive functional rejuvenation of middle-aged mice – International Association of Biomedical Gerontology, 2004
2023- Cloning of Dinosaurs – Arthur C. Clarke
2005- Reverse engineering of human brain – Ray Kurzweil,


2014 – All communications are IP-based – Paul Mockapetris, inventor of the DNS system, 2004


2010–2012- 10 petaFLOPS supercomputer (the amount required to simulate the human brain) will be developed – NEC,  Riken, Tokyo Institute of Technology

2032 –1 zettaFLOPS supercomputer  – University of Notre Dame

 User Interface

2013 – Voice control replace keyboard/mouse interface for 30% of routine tasks – TechCast

Culture and Leisure
• Entertainment Channels
2010 – 30% by value of U.S. music, movies, games, and other entertainment is sold online – TechCast
• Virtual reality
2025 – full immersion virtual reality using direct input to the brain becomes available – Arthur C. Clarke
2030 – virtual reality allows any type of interaction with anyone, regardless of physical proximity – Ray Kurzweil
• Sport
2050 – a team of fully autonomous humanoid robots can win against the human world soccer champion team – RoboCup, 1997


• World population exceeds 7 billion
2013 – U.S. Census Bureau
2013 – United Nations
• World population exceeds 8 billion
2026 – U.S. Census Bureau
2028 – United Nations
• World population exceeds 9 billion
2043 – U.S. Census Bureau
2054 – United Nations
• World population exceeds 10 billion
2183 – United Nations
• Other demographic milestones
2020 – world average life expectancy of new-born child exceeds 70 years – World Resources Institute
2030 – number of people aged 65 or older exceeds 1 billion – Ray Hammond
2030 – new-born child in developed country has life expectancy of 130 years – Ray Hammond
2045 – world average life expectancy of new-born child exceeds 75 years – World Resources Institute

2010  – Global oil production  will reach its peak – Association for the Study of Peak Oil and Gas

• Other energy milestones
2020 – U.S. carbon emission market exceeds $1 trillion – New Carbon Finance
2023 – Alternatives to carbon-based fuels will provide 30% of all energy used worldwide – TechCast


2013 – Arctic shrinkage will occur resulting in an arctic ice-free in summer – Professor Wieslaw Maslowski, U. S. Naval Postgraduate School

2020 –  Arctic shrinkage will resulting in an arctic ice-free throughout the  year – Ted Scambos, National Snow and Ice Center
• Other environmental milestones
2098 – Coral cover on Great Barrier Reef drops below 10% – Dr Eric Wolanski, James Cook University


• Nano machines in commercial use
2019 – Nanotechnology is used in 30% of commercial products – TechCast
2020 – nanomachines in soldier armor controlled by on-board computer can change the properties of fabric from flexible to bullet-proof, treat wounds and filter out chemical and biological weapons, nanomuscle fibers can provide an exoskeleton -US Army, estimates from The Vision 2020 Future Warrior project, 2004
2040 – Universal replicator is developed – Arthur C. Clarke

Politics and Economics

• World Economic Growth
2015 – Brazil became the world’s fifth largest economy, surpassing France, UK and Italy – Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
2016 – China’s GDP exceeds that of Japan – National Intelligence Council
2025 – One billion dollar-millionaires worldwide – James Canton, The Extreme Future
2032 – India’s GDP exceeds that of Japan – National Intelligence Council
2041 – China’s GDP exceeds that of US – Goldman Sachs, Price Waterhouse Coopers


• Hybrid Vehicles
2013 – Hybrid powered cars  will take over 30% of the new car market – TechCast
• Self-Driving Cars
2030 – All cars travelling on major roads under control of satellite and roadside control systems – Ray Hammond



2015 – Russia will plan a return to Mars – Energia Corporation

2020 – Human landing on Mars – MIT’s Aeronautics and Astronautics department, 2005

2020 – Unmanned mission will return samples from Mars – NASA

2020 – NASA  will plan first return to the Moon and moon colony no later than 2020  – NASA (2006)

2024 – Asteroid Mining  will become possible – Peter Diamandis, founder of Ansari X Prize, 2004

2024 – Space elevator will be constructed – Bradley C. Edwards (head of Institute for Scientific Research), 2004

2025 – A permanent colony  will be   formed on Mars Moon – 4Frontiers,2005

 Space Tourism and Private Spaceflight

2011 – space flights will become available to the public – Arthur C. Clarke
2013 – “Space Cruiser” will be developed that can  takes a group of tourists outside of the Earth’s atmosphere – TechCast
2024 – “Thousands of people will be able  to afford” visiting orbital hotels –  Burt Rutan, 2004

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